A large part of my role at the Canadian Canoe Museum is to care for the relations the museum enjoys with Indigenous Peoples and communities across Turtle Island – especially relevant now as the CCM prepares for the schematic design phase of the exhibit development process for its new museum project. During this summer and into the coming fall, I am fortunate to visit many communities across Turtle Island, joined by my colleague and the museum’s curator, Jeremy Ward. The following is the first of a series of reflections on these journeys.

The Canadian Canoe Museum has made learning from and with Indigenous Peoples one of our four strategic priorities. Through this we will strive to authentically present Indigenous voices, perspectives and languages in exhibits, programming, throughout the museum and through our national collaborative relations. This will ensure Indigenous Peoples are respectfully engaged throughout the concept, schematic design and production phases of the museum’s new exhibit development and well into the future.

At the outset, we chose to follow an Indigenous research methodology on our journey, one that draws from lived experience to support our efforts to gain a deeper understanding of what it means to create healthy “relations” with Indigenous communities. The methods are supported through five phases: Building Relations; Community Collaborative Research; Remote Research and Creative Workshops; Co-creating and Sharing Material; and Exhibit Opening and Ongoing Relationship Building.

In the first of five phases of collaborative-relationship building and exhibit development our goal was to seek guidance. We set out to introduce ourselves, to meet the people we learned to be knowledge holders and sit with their communities to learn of their processes and protocols, and to listen to the voices of those who Indigenous Peoples’ sometimes refer to as “all our relations.”

To prepare, we followed the canoes to where they led us, with a thorough review of our current watercraft collection to understand the individuals and/or communities they were connected to. We opened ourselves up to the community members we met, to help guide us to what they felt was important that we know and experience. It was important, as visitors to the Indigenous and non-Indigenous communities we went to, that we acknowledged their direction, and gave thanks to the land and our hosts in a good way upon our arrival.

We were also very aware of our total environment and what it communicated to us. There were times when the people shared and times when insight was gained from the land, water and all our relations. When we listened, we heard stories of the past, present and hopes for the future. Although it was the canoes and kayaks that lead us to these places, it is was the people who created, used, and continue to have an enduring connection to these vessels today that reminded us of the importance of maintaining both their physical and inspirited needs as part of a living community.

While in the East coast in Mi’kmaq territory, and learning to stitch the side panels onto a 21-foot ocean-going birchbark canoe, we heard about the challenges of obtaining suitable birchbark but also about the ongoing work that still needs to be done in creating healthy cross-cultural relations. We also witnessed a father, his daughter, and his grandchildren continuing a longstanding family tradition of apprenticeship, knowledge sharing, and the reaffirmation of a family’s rich connection to the canoe.

While in Listuguj First Nation, the canoe spoke to us of the tradition of passing knowledge on to the next generation in the way that a father introduced his son to salmon fishing and also of the enduring patience of Indigenous community members struggling with how the history of their people is still being portrayed in a neighbouring visitors’ centre. It was here we learned that the canoe had witnessed changes in history that are still being felt today and new relations must be built on a reciprocal foundation. As we learn how to maintain and sustain good relations at home, it is also clear we must create sustainable relations with those that may not be able to visit us here at the museum.

Whether we were out fishing, or sitting by the water, our hosts openly shared their truth and the realities within their communities today. Their kindness was exceptional as they shared their knowledge and understanding, their salmon and fried bannock. We were honoured with invitations to return to these communities, to perhaps participate in upcoming events and to look for reciprocal opportunities in creating space for the canoe to continue its work as a teacher and facilitator in building positive relations.

We are so thankful to the many individuals we met in the East coast and for the many cups of tea that were shared along the way!


Robin Binèsi Cavanagh

Director of Indigenous Peoples’ Collaborative Relations

Robin believes that true leadership is to be an excellent helper. Since 1986, he has been a helper to Anishinaabe Elder Herb Nabigon (now deceased), acquiring cultural knowledge/protocols in an effort to ensure that cultural teachings, ceremonies and philosophy continue for generations to come. Through this lens, Robin has focused his education, employment and community activity. Robin holds a Master of Environmental Studies from York University (Development of an Aboriginal Organizational Theory) and a Bachelor of Arts in Native Studies from Trent University.

For 20 years, Robin has been working to promote and support Indigenous perspectives as a researcher, policy analyst and writer, and as a curriculum developer and educator at the graduate level. His work spans Indigenous communities, organizations and post-secondary institutions, including the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto, where he taught a leading course on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission for teacher candidates. His most recent roles include Senior Policy Advisor with the Chiefs of Ontario, and Associate Director, Indigenous Education Coalition.